Opiate Addiction: What You May Not Know About This Drug

, Health

Fentanyl is a very addictive opiate and can cause severe adverse effects to the user. The danger and risk in taking this very potent opiate cannot be overemphasized. Under ideal circumstances, this drug is only administered to patients who have developed tolerance to less potent opiates. Therefore, anybody who takes this very potent drug on any other account is facing the possibility of an overdose.

History

Initially produced in Belgium in the late 1950’s, Fentanyl – a synthetic opiate – however, became popular in the 90’s. Subsequently, with the release of the patch, it gained more popularity. Soon after, the lollipop version emerged and the very obvious abuse was at an all-time high. Meanwhile, addicts had figured out that cutting the patches and directly swallowing, injecting or snorting the drug would cut the time release.

Fentanyl obviously pulled its weight when it came to its street value. Often used by addicts as a substitute for heroin and it is known by various names on the street such as Tango and Cash, Apache, Perc-O-Pop and China White. In a bid to get the same high as heroin, addicts would most times end up overdosing on this drug

Addiction

People who abuse Fentanyl drug suffer from night sweats, severe constipation, respiratory depression, and liver damage, loss of appetite, insomnia and allergic reactions. Similarly, like in the case of any other opiate addiction, when there is a sudden halt in its usage, withdrawal would occur. Withdrawal symptoms will range from diarrhea, achy muscles, nasal discharge, insomnia, irritability, anxiety, nausea, stomach cramps, increased heartbeat, chills, fever, hot flashes, excessive yawning and weakness in the extremities.

Professional Treatment

A detox process which must be professionally supervised and carried out by trained medical personnel is usually the first step in combating the addiction. In this detox process, the patients will be purged off the drug in addition to keeping them stable and comfortable. Furthermore, breaking off the shackles of the addiction alone is never advised and could be fatal. Consequently, the patient is moved to an inpatient treatment home to continue with their recovery at the end of the detox process.

Recovery

In truth, recovery from any drug addiction is a continuous process that can last a lifetime. Considering the fact that we are talking about a very potent opiate that has the ability to impede the dopamine production in the brain. In addition, the brain’s inability to produce dopamine makes the recovery even more difficult as patients commonly slide into multiple bouts of depression. Although there are chances that the brain will recover after a long while. Similarly, Patients are trained to handle this phase of the treatment.

Not forgetting the fact that not many people know enough about the drug fentanyl. Therefore, if you think or know any person dear to you that has been abusing the drug, it is pertinent that you get them help immediately. Often times, addicts are unaware of what they are doing to themselves. On many occasions, it is up to someone to help them and save them from their misery.

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