All That You Need to Know about Migraine

A migraine triggers a pulsing sensation or acute throbbing pain. Accompanied by sensitivity to light and/or sound, nausea, and vomiting, the pain or sensation is usually felt on only one side of the head. Migraine problems can last for hours and even for days in most severe cases.

Some medicines help in preventing migraines and make the problem more manageable for the patients. There are several options to treat migraine and you should consult with your doctor to learn what will work best for your problem. The right medicines coupled with lifestyle changes and home remedies will help you a lot.

Symptoms

Migraine may start in childhood, adolescence or even early adulthood. Prodrome, aura, headache, and post-drome – these are four stages of migraines. However, not all experience these four stages.

Some common symptoms of migraines include blind spots, tingling sensation in arm, leg or either side of your face or flashes of light.

Prodrome

It starts one or a couple of days before your migraines start. You may experience some mild changes that drop a hint of an upcoming problem. These changes include:

  • Mood swings
  • Food cravings
  • Frequent yawning
  • Increased urination and thirst
  • Constipation
  • Neck stiffness

Aura

Aura is experienced before or during your migraine. However, migraine is not always preceded or accompanied by an aura.

Each aura symptom starts gradually, develops over several minutes and stays for 20-60 minutes. Symptoms include:

  • Loss of vision
  • Bright spots
  • Flashes of light
  • Difficulty in speaking
  • Numbness or weakness on the face or either side of your body
  • Tingling sensation in one arm or leg
  • Uncontrollable jerking movements

Attack

If left untreated, migraine lasts for 4-72 hours. Frequency of suffering from migraines varies from one person to another. During migraines, you are likely to experience one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Pain on either side or both sides of your head
  • Pulsing or throbbing pain
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Lightheadedness
  • Sensitivity to light and sound

Post-Drome

It is the last phase of migraine. It is experienced after a migraine attack. Some people feel drained out whereas others feel excited. The noticeable symptoms are as follows:

  • Dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Weakness
  • Mood swing
  • Sensitivity to light or sound

When to Consult a Medical Professional

You should see a medical professional at the IVs in the Keys immediately if you develop any of the serious symptoms listed below:

  • A severe headache
  • Headache accompanied by fever, mental confusion, double vision, numbness, weakness, stiff neck or difficulty in speaking
  • A headache getting worse over time
  • A chronic headache that becomes severe after exertion, coughing, straining or a sudden movement
  • Another bout of headache, if you are 50+ in age

Causes

The causes of migraines are yet to be understood. However, environmental factors and genetics trigger the problem. Brain chemicals play a role in pain regulations of your nervous system. Therefore imbalances in these chemicals, such as serotonin, may also cause migraine.

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